Israel - Masada

Israel - Masada

Video Transcript, with Time Stamps

0:03

so Masada is basically two stories that

0:06

very much oppose each other but exist at

0:08

the same place

0:10

first of all there's a story of Herod

0:11

the great and the magnificent fortress

0:14

that he builds here in the middle of the

0:15

Judean desert in the middle of nowhere

0:17

just because he's always afraid that

0:19

someone's going to try and assassinate

0:20

him someone's going to try and kill him

0:22

and take a throne from him and he

0:23

realizes this is a good isolated place

0:25

protected by the fact that it's a big

0:27

cliff

0:28

and he decides all through the years of

0:29

his reign to build

0:32

this place up as a fortress so in case

0:34

of times of trouble he can flee to here

0:36

now it's not the only place he's got

0:38

seven fortresses that he builds in the

0:39

desert alone that doesn't include

0:41

Cesarea which is the plush place that he

0:43

built on the Mediterranean coast uh it

0:45

does include other palaces in the desert

0:47

alone he has seven plush amazing nature

0:50

defying fortresses Masada is the most

0:52

famous of them all you'll see why

0:55

now Herod is the number one fan of the

0:57

roman empire he loves Rome he loves

0:59

roman culture he's fiercely loyal to the

1:01

Romans and that is why they make him

1:03

king over here

1:04

now he's the king over the local

1:06

population here which is the Jews mostly

1:09

and the Jews hate the Romans because the

1:10

Romans have taken away their

1:11

independence

1:13

so they really dislike the fact that

1:15

Herod their king

1:17

loves Rome so much

1:18

and they've sort of irritated at him all

1:20

the time

1:22

that in combination with his paranoia

1:24

makes him walk a very fine line

1:26

constantly between his love for Rome and

1:28

his desire not to be assassinated by the

1:30

local population here that is why he

1:32

builds fortresses that is why he murders

1:34

his wife his sons his son-in-laws lots

1:36

of people around him because he thinks

1:38

they're going to try and take a throw in

1:39

front

1:40

okay so he builds this fortress in order

1:43

to protect his position as king as ruler

1:46

and to protect the position of Rome as

1:48

the owner and governor of this whole

1:51

area

1:52

and he builds it beautifully very plush

1:55

70 years over 70 years after his death

1:59

a bunch of anti-roman Jewish zealots who

2:01

have rebelled against Rome in the great

2:03

rebellion that lasted from 66 to 70 a.d

2:05

culminating in the destruction of the

2:07

temple

2:08

those people that survived that flee to

2:10

the desert in and uh barricade

2:13

themselves here at Masada and in the

2:15

year 7380 we have a major major

2:18

combination of the struggle between the

2:20

Jews and the Romans these are the last 1

2:23

000

2:24

survivors of the Jewish rebellion

2:27

Jerusalem has been destroyed the cities

2:28

of the Galilee have been destroyed the

2:30

temple has been burnt down

2:32

this is the last stronghold of Jewish

2:34

rebellion the Romans sent their legions

2:36

down into the desert lay siege on Masada

2:39

and prepare to bring it down

2:42

the people up here

2:43

use Herod's fortress Herod who built

2:46

this fortress and who loved Rome the

2:48

zealots here use this fortress in order

2:50

to fight Rome okay so we've got two very

2:53

opposing stories I always say if Herod

2:55

knew that in the end this fortress would

2:57

be used against his favorite Romans he

2:59

would have destroyed himself just before

3:00

he died

3:02

and what we're going to see as we go

3:03

through is the dichotomy between these

3:05

two attitudes of life between

3:07

uh the plush

3:08

uh good life that Herod loved living and

3:10

the simple life that the zealots liked

3:12

and the attitude of loving Rome and

3:14

hating Rome that we'll see happening

3:15

here and culminating at the end of what

3:18

happened at Masada

3:19

like we said Herod builds this place in

3:21

preparation for the worst case scenario

3:22

which is a rebellion where he has to

3:24

flee and hide up here until Rome can

3:26

come and bail him out

3:28

so he's preparing for long periods of

3:31

siege which means this place needs to be

3:33

self-sufficient and have everything

3:34

necessary for survival

3:36

how does he accomplish that he builds

3:38

storehouses

3:40

row after world of

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adjacent storehouses long narrow and

3:44

dark inside no windows and they are

3:47

absolutely stuffed full of the types of

3:49

food that can last long term like dates

3:52

like dried fruits like olives grains

3:55

flour

3:56

anything that you can use to make more

3:58

food

3:59

even though he's not really planning to

4:01

live here he needs to know that just in

4:03

case he needs to be here under siege he

4:05

can live in the style of living that

4:06

he's accustomed to so he builds a roman

4:09

bathhouse on Masada as well

4:11

now you may ask what in the world does

4:12

he need a bath house which is

4:13

effectively like a hamam or sauna very

4:16

very hot inside why does he need that in

4:18

the middle of the desert because it's

4:20

plush and Herod loves the flash

4:22

lifestyle even if he's not going to use

4:23

it he needs to be able to say

4:25

I've got

4:27

a bath house at Masada at Masada it's

4:29

like saying today you know I've got a 41

4:31

inch lcd tv screen with a full surround

4:34

sound video system it's basically what

4:36

he's doing here typical of Herod he's

4:38

always got a public section to the

4:39

palace where he can receive dignitaries

4:41

where he can receive Jewish delegations

4:43

who come to complain about him or make

4:45

petitions to him and then he's always

4:48

got a private section to his palace

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which is out of view and is always going

4:52

to be a lot more plush

4:53

completely private and usually nature

4:55

defined unfortunately

5:01

[Music]

5:10

south of Jerusalem is a mountaintop

5:12

fortress about 1400 feet above the dead

5:14

sea

5:15

[Music]

5:21

okay guys

5:22

[Music]

5:30

in order to then place all these many

5:31

little stones these are mosaics they are

5:33

made of millions in some cases of little

5:36

stones different colors or images they

5:39

actually had catalogs of what they could

5:40

do for you and the more intricate it was

5:42

the more you paid

5:44

so

5:45

this is part of the reception.

 

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