Second Day of Festivals

Second Day of Festivals

Once the Beth Din had evidence that the new moon had been seen, (see FIXING THE CALENDAR) a new month was declared to have started, and people would know when to observe festivals.

Some were informed by chains of beacons and signal fires; but this system was sabotaged by the Samaritans who lit fires on the wrong nights.8. Then messengers were sent to other towns and villages; 9. but by the time of the Roman period, Jews were living throughout the Roman Empire. Eventually it was decreed that Jews outside of Palestine should observe extra days of festivals in order to be sure of observing the correct date.

Even in Israel where only one day was observed, their system only worked for festivals which occurred in the middle of a month. As Rosh Hashanah fell on the 1st of Tishri they could not wait for an announcement before starting to celebrate New Year's Eve. So they kept two days of Rosh Hashanah.10. So today Jews in Israel observe two days Rosh Hashanah and only one day of other festivals. While Orthodox Jews outside Israel add extra days for festivals. Most Reform and Liberal Jews, who believe that there is no longer any doubt about the calendar dates, follow the Israeli practice.

(8.) Rosh Hashanah 2, 2-4. (9.) Rosh Hashanah 1, 3 and 2, 2. (10.) Freehof Modern Reform Responsa pp 286ff shows that the regular observance of two days in Israel only came in 11th Cent CE. Before then it was probably only done in special circumstances.

Originally found here

Picture originally found here

Related Articles

More From Traditions

Haftarah

הפטרה (Haftarah), the name given to the reading from the Prophetic books which follows the…
Haftarah

Mitzvah

Have you done a mitzvah today? A mitzvah is a good deed, something done to benefit someone else…
Mitzvah

Mezuzah on the Doorpost

If you visit a Jewish home one thing that you may see is a mezuzah. A mezuzah is a small…
Mezuzah on the Doorpost

The Cantor

Music is very important in Jewish life and has a significant role in the worship services.…
The Cantor

What is a Get?

A get is a divorce under halacha, or Jewish law. The word can also refer to the document that…
What is a Get?

Torah Reading

The custom of reading from the Torah on Saturday mornings is so old that it is difficult to be…
Torah Reading

Shofar

The shofar, made from a ram's horn, has been used by our people for thousands of years. The…
Shofar

Jewish Calendar

LUNAR-SOLAR CALENDAR.The Jewish calendar is based mainly on the phases of the moon; but it also…
Jewish Calendar
A bride and groom under a chupah, a large covering often used at weddings.

Jewish Wedding

A chupah is a large covering that is often used at weddings to cover the bride and groom.
Jewish Wedding

Minyan

In many Jewish synagogues a minyan is required for public prayer times. A minyan is a group of…
Minyan

Tfillin

T'fillin, or phylacteries, are square black boxes traditionally worn on the head and arm.
Tfillin

Publish the Menu module to "offcanvas" position. Here you can publish other modules as well.
Learn More.


donation